Alternative Proposals, as in Karalla
Itís precise to highlight examples of human development that coherent policies, centered in the communities, promote. Such is the case of the state of Karalla, India. With 22 million people, it has eliminated absolute poverty without reaching a fast growth of the GDP.
The success in Karalla took place thanks to an intelligent agrarian reform, to the free alphabetization of men and women and to the peak of social movements for the maintenance of the natural environment. The struggle for individual rights and the workersí participation has been fundamental.
Although they havenít eradicated all poverty Ė who has? Ė, itís encouraging that they found their level through alternative paths, without subjugating themselves to the model imposed by the international financial organisms. Itís a unique case of a progressive government with which other parties cooperate for the culmination of unheard of achievements in other states in India with similar infrahuman conditions as in Karalla.
The Report on Human Development UNDP 2003, necessary for tackling those great issues that donít always coincide with the economic growth or with the development model imposed by the industrialized countries, has just been made public.
The support for development is only one aspect of the relationship between underdeveloped and developed countries, linked to the not always efficient policies of international financial organisms, of international trade and of the arrogance of the multinationals.
An international trade without obstacles, the adequate investment, the arms sale control and the transformation of the debt are far more important for an endogenous, sustainable and equitable human development.
Aid funds for indigenous peoples in the administration of forests stop making sense if the commercial agents cut tree uncontrollably to export wood to developed countries.
An authentic cooperation supports rights and social demands more than imposing an economic growth based on privatization or the transaction of goods.
Aid for development cannot reduce poverty in regions that were destroyed by civil wars, fed by those who export them arms and facilitate them credits.
Aid to countries that violate human rights, such as China, Indonesia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Israel is not acceptable either. These are the principal recipients of aid from rich countries.
We can promote a sustainable human development to forge an ethic of the global citizenship that affirms that human beings are change promoters, capable of defining the surroundings of their well being with alternatives to the established powers.
Josť Carlos Gª Fajardo
Este artículo fue publicado en el Centro de Colaboraciones Solidarias (CCS)